Glossary of Terms
A chronic infectious disease caused by the acid-fast tubercle bacillus. Tuberculosis is characterized by the formation of tubercles in the lungs, often developing long after the initial infection. If left untreated, tuberculosis can lead to severe lung damage and possible death. Tuberculosis is generally transmitted by inhaling or ingesting infected droplets from infected patients. Tuberculosis is generally treated with long term antibiotic medications. Surgery used to play a significant role in treating tuberculosis, but with present day medications, surgery is rarely needed.